For sometime Rwanda has been in a situation whereby projects are conceived, initiated and approved in an uncoordinated manner.
Resources borrowed, grants received or national funds budgeted for development were not having the desired impact. The situation got worse since 1994 due to the emergency conditions and lack of human resources which may have been understandable in the circumstances.
The result has been a lack of preparation support, coordination ,Monitoring and Evaluation of projects. It has led to poor management of project resources during implementation; lack of transparency and accountability; lack of flow of information for decision making.
Lack of strategic coordination and a structured national system to oversee the planning and management of projects has led to a situation whereby :
- Projects are donor driven.
- Multilateral agencies and NGOs work directly on their own priorities with line ministries to initiate and implement projects often without prior coordination with the Ministry of Finance and Economic planning.
- The risk of unproductive borrowing and likelihood of downstream unplanned and uncontrolled recurrent expenditure has been increased.
The absence of a central coordination,poor monitoring of projects may also have led to problems of transparency in implementation and probably corrupt practices in procurement.
Project management has been further complicated by multiplicity of donor agencies, including NGOs each having its own procedures and directly deciding its own priorities. The proliferation of project implementation units in different Ministries and agencies some of which having no necessary capacity further complicated the matter.
CEPEX is an organ of the Government put in place in order to eliminate the above weaknesses.